Aug 24, 2009

Muhammad:Our Prophet and Ummah and Mankind

Hasil daripada tugasan yang perlu saya bentangkan di kelas turut saya sertakan di sini agar ia dapat dijadikan rujukan.

The Meaning of Ummah

إِنَّ هَـذِهِ أُمَّتُكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً
“and truly, this, your Ummah is one,

وَأَنَاْ رَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُونِ
and I am your Lord, therefore worship Me


The term ummah is defined as:

مجموعات بشرية تربطها عقيدة واحدة

Majmoo'aat bashariyyah tarbituhaa 'aqeedatun waahidah

A group of people who are bonded together by the same 'aqeedah (belief).

Therefore, the term "ummah" does not refer to people who share the same race or colour; it only refers to people who are unified in their beliefs or way of life. As a result, it is not fitting for the term to betranslated as "nation", since a nation is a large group of people who inhabit a particular area or state. (An ummah can exist without a state).

Allah (SWT) has categorised mankind into two:

1. Al-Ummat ul-Islaamiyyah (the worldwide Islamic community)

2. Al-Ummat ul-Kaafirah (the worldwide unbelieving community)

Hence, there are only two camps; every person is either a Muslim or a Kaafir. The Jews, Christians, Sikhs, Hindus, Buddhists and so forth are all from al-Ummat ul-Kaafirah; in other words, they are all disbelievers in the sight of Allah. The Almighty says:

هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ فَمِنْكُمْ كَافِرٌ وَمِنْكُمْ مُؤْمِنٌ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا

تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ

He it is Who created you, then some of you are disbelievers and some of you are believers. And Allah is All-Seer of what you do. At-Taghaabun, 64:2

Nowdays, the ummah can be classed into:

1. Ummatu Muhammad (the Ummah of Muhammad, or Ahmad known as Saved Sect)

2. Ummatu Ahl ul-Qiblah (the Ummah of the Qiblah, from the seventy-two deviant sects – also known as the doomed sections).

The role of the Ummah

شَرَعَ لَكُمْ مِنَ الدِّينِ مَا وَصَّى بِهِ نُوحًا وَالَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ وَمَا وَصَّيْنَا بِهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى أَنْ أَقِيمُوا الدِّينَ وَلا تَتَفَرَّقُوا فِيهِ

“He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion (Islam) which He ordained for Nooh (Noah), and that which We have inspired in you (oh Muhammad), and that which We ordained for Ibraaheem (Abraham), Moosaa (Moses) and 'Eesaa (Jesus), saying you should establish the Deen (Iqaamat ud-Deen), and make no divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various sects in religion)…” as-shuura, 42:13

The role of the Islamic Ummah is to establish the Hujjah (or divine proof) against mankind, so that they can present no excuse – for their disbelief – on the Day of Judgement when they meet their true Lord. This can only be accomplished by Iqaamat ud-Deen, or establishing the Deen of Allah (i.e. the Sharee'ah) – not the deen of the Kuffaar, such as democracy or freedom.

The attributes of the Ummah of Muhammad (SAW): (surah al-fath 48:29)

1. Ashiddaa'u 'alal Kuffaar (be strict to kuffar)

One cannot be from the Ummah of Muhammad unless he/she is "severe against the disbelievers". However, this severity must be channelled appropriately.

2. Ruhamaa'u bainahum(love each others)

It is not possible for a person to be from the Ummah of Muhammad unless he/she shows compassion and mercy to other believers, even if they are so-called lunatics, extremists, terrorists, or fundamentalists. This mercy is manifested in:

- Al-Ukhuwwah (brotherhood)

- Al-Muwaalaat (alliance)

- At-Ta'aatuf (kindness)

3. Taraahum rukka'an sujjadan (see them rukko and sujood)

The Ummah of Muhammad (SAW) is an obedient ummah that is always making rukoo' and sujood, i.e. worshipping Allah. They are not a secular people. They do not worship Allah only in the mosque or during Ramadaan, but instead worship Him twenty-four hours a day – even their sleep is 'ibaadah (worship).

4. Yabtaghoona fadlan minallaahi wa-ridwaana(seek for reward and pleasure)

They seek "Bounty from Allah and (His) good pleasure." The Ummah of Muhammad do not seek the praise, sympathy, admiration or pleasure of men. They only seek Allah's satisfaction. Consequently, they will be attacked and demonised by Satan's associates. They will be accused of many things, but Allah is aware of what is in their hearts.

1. Know about his life
Muhammad (PBUH) said:” no one can be a true believer without loving me more than his fortune, his children and all people." Narrated by Al Bukhari.
He didn’t see us, but he loved to….
When the Prophet visited Al Bakki’ (a burial-ground in Madienah next to the Prophet’s mosque) before his death, he told his companions:
“I wish I could see my brothers.” They replied:”Aren’t we your brothers?” The Prophet said:”No, you are my companions, my brothers are those who didn’t see me and yet follow me and believe in me.
I’ll wait for them on Al Hawdh (the Place where the Prophet is going to give all survivors a handful water from his noble hands that will make them never feel thirsty again after this hard day-the Judgment Day- and this will be directly before interring Paradise).
Our Prophet missed us….So how don’t we miss him????
Our Prophet loves us…… So how don’t we love him???
2. Follow his teaching and Sunnah
3.Always revise his sirah(history)
4.Take his companions(sahabah) as exemplary
Do we know about them???
His companions that sure enter paradise:
1.      Abu Ba’kr
2.      Omar
3.      Othman
4.      Ali
5.      Talhah
6.      Zubair
7.      Saad Ibn Waqqas
8.      Said b Zaid
9.      Abdul Rahman b Auf
10.  Abu Ubaidah Ibnu Jaurah
His wives:
1.      Khadijah
2.      Saudah
3.      Aisyah
4.      Hafsah
5.      Zainab bt Khuzaimah
6.      Juwairah
7.      Zainab bt Jahsy
8.      Ummi Salamah
9.      Ummu Habibah
10.  Maimunah
11.  Safiyah
12.  Mariah Kopti


About Me

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Saya merupakan seorang penulis blog bebas & pernah belajar jurusan Kejuruteraan Bioteknologi & Biomas di Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia(UIAM/IIUM) yang amat berminat dengan transformasi ilmu atau pertukaran idea bagi menambahkan pengetahuan.Saya sangat mengalu-alukan kepada sesiapa yang ingin berhubung atas dasar ilmu dan kepentingan umat Islam sejagat..